RETINITIS- THE EYE DISEASE

RETINITIS- THE EYE DISEASE

DEFINITION

 

1

RETINITIS- THE EYE DISEASE

– Retinitis is also known as Retinitis pigmentosa .

– These are group of inherited diseases

– It damages the light sensitive rods and cones in the retina.

– Rods : provide side and night vision , are affected more than cones

– Cones : provide colour and clear central vision.

– Retinitis pigmentosa patients mainly suffers from night blindness and Peripheral vision loss that can leads to the central vision loss.

 

* Causes

 

– Inherited disorder

– Rare disorder

– Autosomal recessive disorder

 

* Signs and symptoms

 

– Starts with rod Degeneration

– Increase difficulty in night vision and peripery vision.

– Slowly progression can leads to tunnel vision.

– Night Blindness .

 

* Diagnosis

1

– Acute test

– Colour testing

– Donut shaped visual field loss

– Dark adaptation test

 

* Types of Retinitis

 

1) Retinitis pigmentosa

2) CMV retinitis

 

* Management

 

✓ Vitamin A therapy

✓ Vitamin E therapy

✓ Omega – 3 – rich diet : salmon , tuna , sardines.

✓ Wear sunglasses to protect eye from the UVR .

 

THANK YOU 

BY PHYSIOFEEDS.

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