surgery

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CHOLECYSTECTOMY

CHOLECYSTECTOMY Definition – Removal of gallbladder is called as Cholecystectomy. – Cholecystectomy means making an opening in gallbladder for removing gallstones at the neck of gall bladder and for draining the obstructed gall bladder.   * Indications   1) Gall stones ( cholelithiasis ) 2) Acute and chronic cholecystitis 3) Carcinoma of gall bladder 4) …

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ABDOMINAL INCISION

 Abdominal incisions.   DEFINITION Abdominal incision is the vector illustration of surgical incisions of the abdominal cavity. (1) Supraumbilical midline incision • Layers to cut : – skin – Subcutaneous tissue – Linea Alba – Transversalis fascia. – Peritoneum • Indications : – Any surgery of the stomach like gastrojejunostomy – partial  gastrectomy – Liver …

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THORACIC INCISION

Thoracic incision   Definition   A thoracotomy is an incision into the thoracic cavity to gain access to the lungs, bronchi, heart or esophagus. Types 1)LATERAL INCISION a) posterolateral incision b) anterolateral incision 2)ANTERIOR INCISION a) transverse incision b)Vertical incision c) thoracolapromy incision 1) LATERAL INCISION A) POSTEROLATERAL INCISION   Extent: From the vertebral border …

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